3. The Sixth Amendment (and the protection against the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus) also guarantees that persons who are arrested have a right to be brought before a judge. This occurs at two stages in the judicial process.
2. Defendants are entitled to many rights including the Sixth Amendment’s provision for a speedy trial by an impartial jury. Defendants (those who can afford it) do not leave jury selection to chance.
1. Most cases (90 percent) are settled through plea bargaining rather than through trial by jury.
The court stated that the death penalty does not violate the 14th Amendment
* Even though many thought it went against the equal protection of the law
The court reestablished that the death penalty was constitutional by declaring that “It is an extreme sanction, suitable to the most extreme of crimes”
* It is not cruel or unusual because it is only used in extreme circumstances.
Questioned whether the death pentalty was too cruel a punishment for people to face
* 4 justices ruled that the death punishment was not cruel and unusual
* Yet Georgia’s death penalty law was overturned because they considered it to be “random”